Master the Fundamentals of Biology (Part 2 of 4) NEW

This is a Biology Course for Students Preparing for Any High School Biology Exams (iGCSE, GCSE, AP Biology & More)

4.50 (21 reviews)
2 hours
Sep 2021
last update
regular price

What you will learn

In this course students will learn exactly what they need to know for their biology exams. Students will learn about:

Understand that the genome is the entire DNA of an organism and that a gene is a section of a molecule of DNA that codes for a specific protein

Understand that the nucleus of a cell contains chromosomes on which genes are located

Describe a DNA molecule as two strands coiled to form a double helix, the strands being linked by a series of paired bases: adenine (A) with thymine (T), and cy

Understand that an RNA molecule is single stranded and contains uracil (U) instead of thymine (T)

Describe the stages of protein synthesis including transcription and translation, including the role of mRNA, ribosomes, tRNA, codons and anticodons

Understand how genes exist in alternative forms called alleles which give rise to differences in inherited characteristics

Understand the meaning of the terms: dominant, recessive, homozygous, heterozygous, phenotype, and genotype

Understand the meaning of the term codominance

Understand that most phenotypic features are the result of polygenic inheritance rather than single genes

Describe patterns of monohybrid inheritance using a genetic diagram

Understand how to interpret family pedigrees

Predict probabilities of outcomes from monohybrid crosses

Understand how the sex of a person is controlled by one pair of chromosomes, XX in a female and XY in a male

Describe the determination of the sex of offspring at fertilisation, using a genetic diagram

Understand how division of a diploid cell by mitosis produces two cells that contain identical sets of chromosomes

Understand that mitosis occurs during growth, repair, cloning and asexual reproduction

Understand how division of a cell by meiosis produces four cells, each with half the number of chromosomes, and that this results in the formation of geneticall

Understand how random fertilisation produces genetic variation of offspring

Know that in human cells the diploid number of chromosomes is 46 and the haploid number is 23

Understand that variation within a species can be genetic, environmental, or a combination of both

Understand that mutation is a rare, random change in genetic material that can be inherited

Understand how a change in DNA can affect the phenotype by altering the sequence of amino acids in a protein

Understand how most genetic mutations have no effect on the phenotype, some have a small effect and rarely do they have a significant effect

Understand that the incidence of mutations can be increased by exposure to ionising radiation (for example, gamma rays, x-rays and ultraviolet rays) and some ch

Explain Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection

Understand how resistance to antibiotics can increase in bacterial populations, and appreciate how such an increase can lead to infections being difficult to co

Understand the differences between sexual and asexual reproduction

Understand that fertilisation involves the fusion of a male and female gamete to produce a zygote that undergoes cell division and develops into an embryo

Describe the structures of an insect-pollinated and a wind-pollinated flower and explain how each is adapted for pollination

Understand that the growth of the pollen tube followed by fertilisation leads to seed and fruit formation

Understand how germinating seeds utilise food reserves until the seedling can carry out photosynthesis

Understand that plants can reproduce asexually by natural methods (illustrated by runners) and by artificial methods (illustrated by cuttings)

Understand how the structure of the male and female reproductive systems are adapted for their functions

Understand the roles of oestrogen and progesterone in the menstrual cycle

Understand the roles of FSH and LH in the menstrual cycle

Describe the role of the placenta in the nutrition of the developing embryo

Understand how the developing embryo is protected by amniotic fluid

Understand the roles of oestrogen and testosterone in the development of secondary sexual characteristics


Do you or your child need help learning high school biology like IGCSE biology, GCSE Biology or AP Biology from home? This course will give them the skills they need to feel confident for their exams. 

As soon as students sign up for this high school biology masterclass they will receive access to:

  1. NEW and updated IGCSE bio & GCSE bio video lessons for each section of the course.

  2. FREE digital IGCSE bio & GCSE bio summary notes with a value of $49.99.

  3. FULL EXAM QUESTION WALKTHROUGHS of past exam papers to help you learn the best exam writing strategies.

  4. FREE topic-specific IGCSE biology past exam paper questions and mark schemes.

This course has two objectives:

  1. To teach all aspects of IGCSE biology, GCSE biology and AP biology theory: Content is delivered during quick, efficient video lessons that are easy to for students to understand and absorb.

  2. To teach IGCSE biology, GCSE biology and AP biology theory: Exam strategy is one of the most important skills needed in the IGCSE exams. During this masterclass you will learn everything you need to know using full Past Exam Paper Walkthroughs.

This IGCSE biology & GCSE biology (O Level) course covers "Part 2 Genetics, Reproduction & Inheritance" which includes training on:

  1. Genetics & Inheritance

  2. Reproduction

This IGCSE biology (O Level) masterclass is offered by IGCSEprep on Udemy. This masterclass covers all the content needed to write the IGCSE biology exams offered by Pearson Edexcel (double or triple) or Cambridge CIE (core or extended) or other exam boards like Oxford AQA.


Master the Fundamentals of Biology (Part 2 of 4) NEW - Screenshot_01Master the Fundamentals of Biology (Part 2 of 4) NEW - Screenshot_02Master the Fundamentals of Biology (Part 2 of 4) NEW - Screenshot_03Master the Fundamentals of Biology (Part 2 of 4) NEW - Screenshot_04


Introduction to Reproduction & Inheritance

Introduction - DNA, Genes & Chromosomes
DNA, Genes & Chromosomes

Protein Synthesis

Protein Synthesis: Introduction
Protein Synthesis: DNA versus RNA
Protein Synthesis: Stage 1 Transcription
Protein Synthesis: Stage 2 Translation
Protein Synthesis

Cell Division

Cell Division Type 1: Mitosis in Asexual Reproduction
Cell Division Type 1: Steps of Mitosis
Cell Division Type 2: Meiosis
Cell Division Type 2: Meiosis in Sexual reproduction
Cell Division Type 2: Steps of Meiosis
Cell division

Reproduction in Plants

Reproduction in Plants: Structure & Function of Flowers
Reproduction in Plants: Sexual Reproduction - Pollination
Reproduction in Plants: Sexual Reproduction - Fertilisation
Reproduction in Plants: Sexual Reproduction - Germination
Reproduction in Plants: Asexual Reproduction
Reproduction in Plants

Reproduction in Humans

Reproduction in Humans: Puberty & Hormones
Reproduction in Humans: The Female Reproductive System
Reproduction in Humans: The Male Reproductive System
Reproduction in Humans: Human Fertilisation
Reproduction in Humans: The Menstrual Cycle
Reproduction in Humans: Pregnancy
Reproduction in Humans

Genetic Diagrams and Family Pedigrees

Introduction: Genetic Diagrams
Genetic Diagrams example 1 Punnett Squares
Genetic Diagrams example 2 Punnett Squares
Genetic Diagrams example 3 Genetic Diagrams
Genetic Diagrams: Codominance
Genetic Diagrams: Family Pedigrees
Genetic Diagrams

Variation, Evolution and Natural Selection

Phenotype = Genotype + Environment
Natural Selection (Survival of the Fittest)
Variation, Evolution & Natural Selection

Mutations & Antiobiotic Resistance

Antibiotic Resistance
Mutations & Antibiotic resistance


June 26, 2022
The course provided me with a very in-depth review of the biological concepts, the 4 parts could be combine so the course(s) are more economically sustainable/efficient to the buyers.
February 17, 2022
After part two I am now feeling more confident with the fundamentals of biology, especially with protein synthesis as I was struggling to understand this before!
October 23, 2021
I am now totally confident with genetic terminology and also drawing genetic diagrams and calculating probabilities
September 17, 2021
Have been waiting for the second part of this course and I'm so glad it's here! Above my expectations. I'm learning lot about reproduction and genetics.



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